Archival Sources

Bagnall, Roger S. “Materializing Ancient Documents.” Daedalus 145.2 (2016): 79-87.

Bauden, Frédéric. “Du destin des archives en Islam: Analyse des données et éléments de réponse,” in La Correspondance entre souverains, princes et cités-états: Approches croisées entre l’Orient musulman, l’Occident et Byzance (XIIIe-début XVIe siècle), eds. Denise Aigle, and Stéphane Péquignot: 27-49.  Turnhout: Brepols, 2013.  Available through the Open Repository and Bibliography (ORBi) of the Université de Liège at:

Baudin, Arnaud. Emblématique et pouvoir en Champagne: Les sceaux des comtes de Champagne et de leur entourage (fin XIe-début XIVe siècle). Langres: Dominique Guéniot, 2012.  With CD-ROM.

Beck, Friedrich, and Eckart Henning, eds. Die archivalischen Quellen: Mit einer Einführung in die Historischen Hilfswissenschaften. 4th ed. Cologne: Böhlau, 2004.

Bertrand, Paul. Les écritures ordinaires: Sociologie d’un temps de révolution documentaire entre royaume de France et empire, 1250-1350. Paris: Editions de Sorbonne, 2019.  Available for online reading at:

Busse, Heribert, et al., “Farmān,” in Encylopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., 2 (1965): 803-806.

Darnton, Robert. “Chasing Paper: Review of The Demon of Writing: The Power and Failures of Paperwork by Ben Kafka.” New York Review of Books, 6 December 2012.

Darnton, Robert. “The Good Way to Do History: Review of The Allure of the Archives by Arlette Farge.” New York Review of Books, 9 January 2014.

Di-Capua, Yoav. Gatekeepers of the Arab Past: Historians and History Writing in Twentieth-Century Egypt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Diem, Werner. “‘Zur besten und schönsten Stunde’: Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis persischer Eheverträge der Qāǧārenzeit.” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 166 (2016): 101-140.

El-Leithy. Tamer. “Living Documents, Dying Archives: Towards a Historical Anthropology of Medieval Arabic Archives.” Al-Qantara 32 (2011): 389–434.

Fragner, Bert. “Farmān,” in Encyclopaedia Iranica 9/3 (1999): 282-295. Available online at at:

Friedrich, Markus. “How to Make an Archival Inventory in Early Modern Europe: Carrying Documents, Gluing Paper and Transforming Archival Chaos into Well-Ordered Knowledge.” Manuscript Studies 10 (2017): 160-173.  Available at:

Görke,  Andreas, and Konrad Hirschler, eds. Manuscript Notes as Documentary Sources. Würzburg: Ergon, 2011.

Haim, Ofir. “What is the ‘Afghan Genizah’? A Short Guide to the Collection of the Afghan Manuscripts in the National Library of Israel, with the Edition of Two Documents.” Afghanistan 2.1 (2019): 70-90.

Hirschler, Konrad. “From Archive to Archival Practice: Rethinking the Preservation of Mamluk Administrative Documents.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 136.1 (2016): 1-28.

Hochedlinger, Michael. Aktenkunde: Urkunden- und Aktenlehre der Neuzeit. Vienna: Böhlau, 2009.  With CD-ROM.

Hoffman, Adina, and Peter Cole. Sacred Trash: The Lost and Found World of the Cairo Geniza. New York: Schocken, 2011.

Hoffmann, Birgitt. Waqf im mongolischen Iran: Rašiduddīns Sorge um Nachruhm und Seelenheil.  Stuttgart: Steiner, 2000.

Khan, Geoffrey. Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah Collections. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Leder, Stefan, et al. Les certificats d’audition à Damas 550 –750 h./1155–1349. 2 vols. Damascus: Institut français d’Etudes arabes & Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, 1996-2000.

Müller, Christian. “The Power of the Pen: Cadis and their Archives.” In Manuscripts and Archives: Comparative Views on Record-Keeping, eds.  Allessandro Bausi, Christian Brockmann, Michael Friedrich, and Sabine Kienitz: 361-386.  Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018.

Paul, Jürgen. “Archival Practices in the Muslim World prior to 1500.” In Manuscripts and Archives: Comparative Views on Record-Keeping, eds.  Allessandro Bausi, Christian Brockmann, Michael Friedrich, and Sabine Kienitz: 339-360.  Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018.

Rustow, Marina. “Fatimid State Documents.” Jewish History 32 (2019): 221-277.

Rustow, Marina. The Lost Archive: Traces of a Caliphate in a Cairo Synagogue. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020.

Ryzova, Lucie. “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Collector, Dealer, and the Academic in the Informal Old-Paper Markets of Cairo.” In Archives, Museums and Collecting Practices in the Modern Arab World, eds. Sonja Mejcher-Atassi and and John Pedro Schwartz: 93-120.  Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2012.

Ryzova, Lucie. The Age of the Efendiyya: Passages to Modernity in National-Colonial Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Sartori, Paolo. “On  Khvārazmian Connectivity: Two or Three Things that I Know about It.” Journal of Persianate Studies 9.2 (2016): 133-157.

Sartori, Paolo. “Seeing like a Khanate: On Archives, Cultures of Documentation, and Nineteenth-Century Khvārazm.” Journal of Persianate Studies 9.2 (2016): 228-257.

Schneider, Irene. The Petitioning System in Iran: State, Society and Power Relations in the Late 19th Century. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2006.

Sijpesteijn, Peter M. “Locating Arabic Papyrology: Fiscal Politics in Medieval Egypt as a Test-Case for  Setting Disciplinary Boundaries and Standards.” Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 51 (2014): 217-228.

Stern, Samuel M. Fāṭimid Decrees: Original Documents from the Fāṭimid Chancery. London: Faber & Faber, 1964.

Stoler, Ann Laura. Along the Archival Grain: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009.

Trace, Ciaran B. “What Is Recorded Is Never Simply ‘What Happened’: Record Keeping in Modern Organizational Culture.” Archival Science 2.1-2 (2002): 137-159.

Van Berkel, Maaike. “Reconstructing Archival Practices in Abbasid Baghdad.” Journal of Abbasid Studies 1 (2014): 7–22.

Vismann, Cornelia. Akten: Medientechnik und Recht. Frankfurt/Main: Fischer, 2000.

Wakin, Jeanette. The Function of Documents in Islamic Law: The Chapters on Sales from Ṭaḥāwī ‘s Kitāb al-shurūṭ al-kabīr. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. 1972.  Part of “Written Documents in Islamic Law: Tahāwī’s Kitāb al-shurūt al-kabīr,” 2 vols., Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1971.

Werner, Christoph. “‘Die brautgeschmückte Feder verbreitet Moschusduft’: Eheverträge im Iran des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhundert.” In Iran und iranisch geprägte Kulturen: Studien zum 65. Geburtstag von Bert G. Fragner, eds. Markus Ritter, Ralph Kauz, and Birgitt Hofmann: 284-296.  Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2008.

Werner, Christoph. Vaqf en Iran: Aspects culturels, religieux et sociaux. 6th Ehsan and Latifeh Yarshater Distinguished Lectures on Iranian Studies at the Collège de France, Paris 2012. Studia Iranica 56. Paris: Association pour l’Avancement des Etudes Iraniennes, 2015.

Winegar, Jessica. Creative Reckonings: The Politics of Art and Culture in Contemporary Egypt. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006.

Zomeño, Amalia. “From Private Collections to Archives: How Christians Kept Arabic Legal Documents in Granada.” Al-Qanṭara 32.2 (2011): 461-479.


Dagmar A. Riedel

Last updated, 23 March 2021

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